God is three distinct but not separate persons.
Three distinct persons Mt 3:16,17
(1) Jesus (2) Spirit of God (dove) (3) Voice from heaven–this is my Son = Father
but not separate (name is singular not plural) Mt 28:19
in the name of the (Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit).
Each person is fully (infinite and eternal) God, equal in essence (ontological equality = what God is) but willingly accepts (relational role subordination = what God does).
Each person is God
God the Father Jn 6:27
God the Son Jn 1:1,14 compare Jn 8:58 with Ex 3:14
Holy Spirit Ac 5:3,4
Each person is infinite and eternal (fully God)
fills the heavens and the earth (infinite) Jer 23:24
from everlasting to everlasting you are God (eternal) Ps 90:2
I am with you always, to the very end of the age. (infinite) Mt 28:20
Jn 8:58 before Abraham was born, I am! (eternal) Jn 8:58
Where can I flee from your presence? (infinite) Ps 139:7-9
through the eternal Spirit (eternal) Heb 9:14
Each person is in relational role subordination
when he (Jesus) hands over the kingdom to God the Father 1 Co 15:24
then the Son himself will be made subject to him 1 Co 15:28
He will speak only what he hears and he will tell you what is yet to come. Jn 16:13
He will bring glory to me. Jn 16:14
There is only one united God.
Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one. Dt 6:4
Jehovah Elohim echad
singular plural (in Hebrew)
The word “yachid” is an absolute numeric one, whereas the word “echad”, is an unified one, illustrating that God is a trinitarian God.
God used the word “echad” in describing human marriage:
For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and they will become one (echad) flesh. Gen 2:24
Husband and wife are still two distinct individuals but become a united one in the physical sense,
he who unites himself with a prostitute is one with her in body? 1 Co 6:16
like-minded in the psychological realm
by being like-minded, having the same love Php 2:2
and one in spirit (purpose) with the Lord in the spiritual realm.
he who unites with the Lord is one with him in spirit 1 Co 6:17
A cord of three strands (God, husband, wife) is not quickly broken. Ecc 4:12
Plural pronouns are used to describe the one united God.
God said, “Let us make man in our image” (plural). So God created man in his own image (singular). Gen 1:26, 27
This could not be referring to angels as only God has the power to create. Col 1:16
Three distinct light colors: blue, red, green shone at the same spot will appear as white light. The three distinct persons of the Godhead: Father, Son and Holy Spirit are all fully God, not just a part of God like a 3 leaf clover (1/3 + 1/3 + 1/3 = 1). If one of the three light colors was turned off, it would no longer produce white light (for example, if the blue colored light was turned off, the color yellow would be seen, not white). This illustrates the truth of the Trinity, that all three persons are necessary to be the biblical God. For example, if Jesus is not God, then the Trinity would not be biblical 1 Jn 2:23,24. This also illustrates that the persons of the Godhead are distinct, yet not separate.
Blue light illustrates God the Father since blue can represent the heavens (sky).
“Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name”. Mt 6:9
Red light illustrates God the Son since His shed blood provided the forgiveness of our sins.
the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect. 1 Pe 1:18,19
Green light illustrates God the Holy Spirit since green represents new life and growth.
the Spirit gives life. 2 Co 3:6
The Father in heaven is the source, the planner, the architect of all things.
according to his eternal purpose Eph 3:10,11
God is the builder of everything. Heb 3:4 (in the sense of architect, planner).
The Son is God’s agent, his executor, the actual builder of all things.
Christ is faithful as a son over God’s house. Heb 3:6
I was the craftsman at his side. Pr 8:30
all things were created by him and for him Col 1:16
The Holy Spirit is God’s maintainer of all things.
the Spirit of truth, will guide you into all truth and he will tell you what is yet to come. Jn 16:13
the one who now holds it back will continue to do so till he is taken out of the way. 2 Th 2:7,8
Since God is infinite, the space He occupies would be calculated by the formula
Volume = l x w x h
V = ∞ x ∞ x ∞
V = ∞
This shows that the Father is fully God, not just a part of God, and the same would apply for both the Son and the Holy Spirit.
This also demonstrates that all three persons are necessary to be the biblical God for two directions can only form a plane and one direction a line. Three dimensions are necessary in order to experience volume. Jer 23:24 The old saying “you can’t put God in a box” is actually true, since He is infinite and therefore cannot be limited to a box shape.
Using the concept of volume to illustrate the nature of the Holy Trinity is a way to address the doctrine of the Trinity. Here’s a summary of the interpretation and its implications:
- Volume and the Trinity: the formula for volume (length x width x height) is used to symbolically represent the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit as different dimensions within the concept of the Trinity. Each dimension is considered fully God, and when combined, they represent the one God of the Bible.
- Full Deity of Each Person: each Person of the Trinity (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) is fully God and not just a part of God, this illustration asserts that each Person of the Trinity shares the divine nature completely.
- Necessity of Three Persons: three dimensions are necessary to experience volume, highlighting the idea that all three Persons of the Trinity are essential to fully represent the biblical God. This concept aligns with the understanding of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit working together in the Godhead.
- Infinite Nature of God: that God is infinite and cannot be confined or limited to a box shape. God transcends human comprehension and is beyond our capacity to fully grasp or contain.